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Art and Architecture

Modern Architecture

Peter Behrens, Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Walter Gropius, roofs, Glasgow

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Modern Architecture, the buildings and building practices of the late 19th and the 20th centuries. The history of modern architecture encompasses the architects who designed those buildings, stylistic movements, and the technology and materials that made the new architecture possible. Modern architecture originated in the United States and Europe and spread from there to the rest of the world.

Among notable early modern architectural projects are exuberant and richly decorated buildings in Glasgow, Scotland, by Charles Rennie Mackintosh; imaginative designs for a city of the future by Italian visionary Antonio Sant’Elia; and houses with flowing interior spaces and projecting roofs by the American pioneer of modernism, Frank Lloyd Wright. Important modern buildings that came later include the sleek villas of Swiss-French architect Le Corbusier; bold new factories in Germany by Peter Behrens and Walter Gropius; and steel and glass skyscrapers designed by German-born architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe.

Contributors

Ghirardo, Diane, B.A., M.A., Ph.D.

Professor, University of Southern California, School of Architecture. Author of "Architecture After Modernism" and other books.



Article key phrases:

Peter Behrens, Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Walter Gropius, roofs, Glasgow, Scotland, Germany, United States, future, centuries, world, technology, architects, Europe, rest, houses, steel, city, buildings, materials

 
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