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Literature and Writing

Finnish Literature

Elmer Diktonius, Johan Ludvig Runeberg, Vart Land, Finnish language, historical novels

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>  Origin and Early Swedish Influence

>  Nationalist Literary Movement

Finnish Literature, works written by or traced to the people of Finland but, because of a continual affiliation with neighboring Sweden, not all necessarily in the Finnish language.

Modern Works in Swedish

Many Finnish writers published in Swedish, finding an audience at home and an extended readership in neighboring Sweden. Among these are Johan Ludvig Runeberg, whose poem “Vart Land” (1848) is the national hymn of Finland, and Zakarias Topelius, a revered writer of fairy tales and historical novels. Important 20th-century lyric poets are Edith Sodergran, pioneer of modernism; Arvid Morne, champion of the Swedish-speaking minority's cause; Bertel Gripenberg, a master of form; and Elmer Diktonius, who dealt with revolutionary political themes.

Contributors

Vehvilainen, Paul V., M.A., Ph.D.

Late Associate Professor of Foreign Languages, Portland State University.



Article key phrases:

Elmer Diktonius, Johan Ludvig Runeberg, Vart Land, Finnish language, historical novels, poem, champion, home, audience, Modern, cause

 
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